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Teeyhittaan Clan v. Alaska State Museum Collection, 1947-2010

By Zachary R. Jones, Archivist

Collection Overview

Title: Teeyhittaan Clan v. Alaska State Museum Collection, 1947-2010

ID: MS/028

Creator: Sealaska Heritage Institute

Extent: 1.0 Boxes

Date Acquired: 12/16/2010

Languages: English [eng]

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection consists of documents, clippings, photographs, correspondence, meeting minutes, and audiovisual recordings associated with the repatriation efforts and Native American Graves & Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) Review Committee hearing held in Washington DC from 17-19 November 2010 regarding the Tlingit Indian Teeyhittaan Clan’s repatriation claim for a contested item held by the Alaska State Museum. This hearing and repatriation request focused on a clan hat and at.óow of the Teeyhittaan Clan, the Yéil Aan Kaawu Naa S’aaxw (Leader of All Ravens Clan Hat), which was claimed by the Alaska State Museum since 1947 after placement as a loan at the museum by William L. Paul Sr. (1885-1977), a former Teeyhittaan Clan caretaker of the hat.

The materials in this collection document the custodial and clan history of the hat, the repatriation research, the repatriation hearing and ruling in Washington DC, and documents concerning the Alaska State Museum’s efforts to delay and prevent transfer of the hat after the November 2010 NAGPRA Review Committee hearing when the committee found that according to federal law the Alaska State Museum did not have legal right of possession.

Biographical Note

The Sealaska Heritage Institute (SHI) is a regional Native non-profit organization founded for the Tlingit, Haida and Tsimshian people of Southeast Alaska. SHI was established in 1981 by Sealaska Corp., a for-profit company formed under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA). SHI, formerly Sealaska Heritage Foundation, administers Sealaska Corp.'s cultural and educational programs.

SHI was conceived by Clan Leaders, Traditional Scholars and Elders at the first Sealaska Elders Conference in 1980. During that meeting, the Elders likened Native culture to a blanket. The late George Davis (Kichnáalx—Lk’aanaaw) of Angoon, spoke these memorable words: “We don’t want what you did here to only echo in the air, how our grandfathers used to do things…  Yes. You have unwrapped it for us.  That is why we will open again this container of wisdom left in our care.” These wise traditional leaders told the new leaders that their hands were growing weary of holding onto the metaphorical blanket, this "container of wisdom." They said they were transferring this responsibility to the Corporation. In response to this directive, Sealaska Corporation created its non-profit arm, Sealaska Heritage Institute, to administer cultural and educational programs for the Tlingit, Haida and Tsimshian.

During its first decade of operation, under the leadership of David Katzeek, SHI began to administer its Scholarship Program from funds set aside by Sealaska Corporation for this purpose. The second major focus at that time was the documentation of oral traditions, a project led by Tlingit scholar Dr. Nora Marks Dauenhauer and her husband, Dr. Richard Dauenhauer. Over nearly a 20-year period, these efforts led to several major publications by the Institute of the Dauenhauer’s work, including:  “Because We Cherish You…” Sealaska Elders Speak to the Future, in 1981; Haa Shuká, Our Ancestors, Volume I of our Tlingit Oral Narratives (1987); Haa Tuwunáagu Yís: for Healing our Spirit. Vol. 2, Tlingit Oral Narratives. (1990); the Third Edition of Beginning Tlingit in 1991; Haa Kusteeyí, Our Culture: Tlingit Life Stories (1994); and Aan Aduspelled X’úx’, Tlingit Spelling Book in 1999. A number of these publications were co-published by the Institute and University of Washington Press. During this period, the Institute also created Naa Kahídi Theater, which won national acclaim for its dramatic presentation of Native legends.

One year after SHI was founded the Institute sponsored the first United Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian Traditional Celebration, held in Juneau. Celebration '82 was so popular that our Board of Trustees decided the festival should become a biennial event. New dance groups began to form in response to Celebration, and every other year, the festival grew. Today, nearly every community in Southeast as well as Anchorage, the Seattle area, Hawaii and Canada, are represented by roughly two-thousand dancers in nearly fifty dance groups. During Celebration, workshops on various aspects of traditional culture and history also occur. Because SHI is the only major region-wide organization dedicated to cultural preservation, its Board of Trustees has mandated that Celebration be dedicated solely to honoring our traditional culture.

More recently, while continuing to honor the Institute's mission statement, “To perpetuate the Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian cultures,” the Trustees in 1997 adopted language restoration as the foremost priority of the Institute. Few funds were available initially for this objective, but the Institute launched an aggressive fund-raising campaign, and today, SHI sponsors and supports numerous language and culture programs across Southeast Alaska. The Institute also sponsors archival projects, historical research, and new publications. Since SHI’s founding, it has had four presidents; David Katzeek (1980-1991), Dennis Demmert (1992-1996), Ted Wright (1996-1998), and Rosita Worl (1998-present).

Administrative Information

Acquisition Source: Sealaska Corporation/Sealaska Heritage Institute

Acquisition Method: The materials in this collection were generated, compiled, and recorded by the Sealaska Corporation/Sealaska Heritage Institute over the course of the disputed NAGPRA claim and during the 17-19 November 2010 NAGPRA Review Committee Hearing. These materials were transferred by Sealaska to SHI archives on 16 December 2010 and December 14, 2011. Additional materials will be added as more materials are generated. Accession #: 2010.003

Box and Folder Listing

Box 1: Teeyhittaan Clan vs. Alaska State Museum CollectionAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: DVD recording of the 17-19 November 2010 NAGPRA Review Committee Hearing, two discs.Add to your cart.
Folder 2: DVD with digital photographs from the 17-19 November 2010 NAGPRA Review Committee Hearing.Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Documentary packet with evidence and findings given to the NAGPRA Review Committee for the 17-19 November 2010 hearing, part 1. Approximately 200 pages.Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Documentary packet with evidence and findings given to the NAGPRA Review Committee for the 17-19 November 2010 hearing, part 2; appendices. Approximately 200 pages.Add to your cart.
Box 5: Newspaper article about the 17-19 November 2010 NAGPRA Review Committee Hearing’s findings from the Juneau Empire and Sealaska Corporation news release on the same.Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Correspondence between the Teeyhíttaan Clan, the Alaska State Division of Libraries, Archives, and Museums, the Alaska State Museum Collections Advisory Committee, and Governor Sean Parnell, 2011.Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Edited and approved transcription of meeting minutes for the Alaska State Museum Collections Advisory Board teleconference meeting of November 1, 2011. 86 pages + appendices. [At this meeting the board discussed the repatriation claim.]Add to your cart.